Department of Textiles & Handloom

Sericulture in Odisha

Sericulture is a livelihood activity that goes round the year & provides remunerative income to the farmers. About 15,000 traditional families 4 involving one lakh people actively practice sericulture in Odisha. It provides indirect employment to equal number of reelers, spinners & weavers. Out of the 4 types of silks viz. Mulberry, Tasar, Eri and Muga cultivated In India, three types namely Mulberry, Tasar and Eri culture is practiced in Odisha. These 4 types of silk differ in their food plant, duration of life cycle, quality of cocoon and yarn viz. size, weight, texture, colour, strength etc. At present with Govt. support tribals & few non-tribals under the BPL category are practicing sericulture & producing silk cocoons.


Tasar culture is very old and traditional in the State. There are more than 46,828 SC/ST families practicing Tasar culture in 14 hilly districts of the State, such as Mayurbhanj, Balasore, Keonjhar, Sundergarh, Deogarh, Sambalpur, Dhenkanal, Angul, Jajpur, Boudh, Sonepur, Kalahandi, Nuapada, Nawarangpur etc. Tribal farmers in these districts use nature grown tasar food plants in the forest for Tasar silkworm rearing. 8450 hectares of Asan-Arjun plantation has been taken up previously. In X-th plan period plantation was taken up in 830 hectares additionally. Annually more than 50,000 Kahans of Tasar cocoons are produced and tribal farmers earn about 6 crore rupees out of it with a very nominal investment on seed.


Though Ericulture is traditional,but much emphasis had not been given earlier for its growth. Ericulture exist in 14 Districts of Cuttack, Kendrapara, Jagatsinghpur, Nayagarh, Khurda, Dhenkanal, Angul, Sambalpur, Keonjhar, Kalahandi, Koraput, Rayagada, Gajapati, Phulbani & Sundargarh districts . Plantation exists in 1000 Ac with 2000 beneficiaries and 7.0 MT of cocoons worth Rs 14 lakh are produced annually.


Mulberry Sericulture is non-traditional to the State. Mulberry cultivation is done in 12 Districts such as Gajapati, Rayagada, Koraput, Phulbani, Kalahandi, Sonepur, Deogarh, Sambalpur, Nayagarh, Khurda, Keonjhar and Mayurbhanj etc. On an average 40,000 Kgs of cocoons are produced annually and about 1000 SC/ST farmers are able to get about Rs. 50 lakh annually.

  Sericulture Activities in Odisha

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